Opinion of Russians on why the Berlin Wall fell in 2019

The majority of Russians as of November 2019 considered the main reason why the Berlin Wall fell was the Soviet Union's political course change and weakening of its influence before the collapse of the country, as per 17 percent of survey participants. The second most popular answer was that the decision of Mikhail Gorbachev, the president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) at the time, and the illiteracy of the Soviet government led to the fall.

In your opinion, what led to the fall of the Berlin Wall?*

Share of respondents
Change of the political course of the USSR, weakening of its influence / perestroika / dissolution of the USSR17%
Decision of Gorbachev / betrayal by Gorbachev / illiteracy of the USSR government13%
Discontent of residents of Germany / people's desire to unite11%
Warming of relations between countries / agreement between countries5%
Political changes in the world / politics / global political situation / external politics5%
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Release date

November 2019



Survey time period

November 3, 2019

Number of respondents

1,600 respondents

Age group

18 years and older

Method of interview

Telephone interview

Supplementary notes

* An open question; respondents could submit up to three answers. Most popular answers are presented in the statistic.

With a probability of 95 percent, the margin of error does not exceed 2.5 percent.

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Statistics on "Germany"

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