Total fertility rate of Bangladesh 1925-2020
After peaking at just under seven children in the early 1970s, fertility would begin to rapidly decline in Bangladesh, during a period of extensive displacement from the 1971 Bangladesh genocide and the resulting war for independence, which contributed to political instability, lack of infrastructure and widespread poverty for much of the remainder of the century. As a result, the Bangladeshi fertility rate would decline to just over four children per woman by the end of military rule in the early 1990s. While the rate of decline has slowed in the years following the restoration of democratic government to the country, fertility has continued to drop into the 21st century as modernization, women's education and access to contraception improves. As a result, in 2020, it is estimated that the average woman born in Bangladesh will have just over two children over the course of her reproductive years, which is roughly replacement level fertility.