Violent crime in the United States
The Federal Bureau of Investigation reported that violent crime fell nationwide in the period from 1990 to 2015. Violent crime was at a height of 1.93 million crimes in 1992, but has since reached a low of 1.15 million violent crimes in 2014. When conducting crime reporting, the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program considered murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault to be violent crimes, because they are offenses which involve force or threat of violence.
In 2015, there were 15,696 reported murder and nonnegligent manslaughter cases in the United States. California, with 1,879 murders in 2012, ranked first on a list of U.S. states by number of murders, followed by Texas (1,141 murders), and Pennsylvania (684 murders).
The greatest number of murders were committed by murderers of unknown relationship to their victim. “Wife” was the fourth most common relationship of victim to offender in 2012, with a reported 498 husbands murdering their wives that year. Fifth most common was “girlfriend.” Eight people were murdered by their employees. Ten people were murdered by their employers.
The most used murder weapon in 2012 was the handgun, which was used in 6,371 murders that year. According to the FBI, firearms (of all types) were used in 67.7 percent of the nation’s murders. A firearm was used in 41.3 percent of robberies in the US in 2011. That year firearms were also used in 21.2 percent of aggravated assaults in the U.S. The total number of firearms manufactured in the U.S. in 2012 reached 8,578,610 units.