OECD-Europe carbon dioxide emissions 2016, by sector

Throughout OECD European member countries, electricity and heat production from sources such as coal, oil and natural gas produced the highest volume of CO2 in 2016. Despite emissions from this sector being greater than any other, annual greenhouse gas emissions from the energy sector have been in decline over the past decade, dropping from four billion metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2007 to 3.3 billion in 2016.

Emissions highest in Germany

Since 2005, levels of CO2 emissions in the EU-28 have been highest in Germany, with emissions fluctuating throughout this period. One reason for the high CO2 levels in Germany is that seven out of the top 10 CO2 polluters in Europe were German coal power plants.

Carbon footprint per capita

  Although emissions were highest in Germany, it was Luxembourg who had the highest CO2 emissions per capita in 2016. Despite its small size, Luxembourg had the greatest number of passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants throughout the European Union, which helps explain its large carbon footprint.

Total CO2 emissions in OECD Europe in 2016, by sector

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Release date

October 2018



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

* Includes emissions from own use in petroleum refining, the manufacture of solid fuels, coal mining, oil and gas extraction and other energy-producing industries.

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