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Carbon dioxide emissions in the European Union 1965-2019

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the European Union amounted to approximately 3.3 billion metric tons in 2019, the lowest level recorded since 1965. Emissions during this period peaked in 1979, at approximately 4.7 billion metric tons. Since 2006, emission levels have typically been in decline, with a considerable drop occurring in 2009 as a result of the global recession.

Biggest emitters in the EU

The main contributor to CO2 emissions in the EU is Germany. Despite levels here dropping almost 20 percent since 2005, Germany still emits considerably more emissions than other big emitters in the union, such as the UK, France and Italy. This is mostly due to Germany's energy mix being reliant on coal. Coal is the dirtiest of all fossil fuels, emitting approximately 50 percent more CO2 than natural gas.

Emissions drop during COVID-19 pandemic

COVID-19 had a massive impact on global emissions during 2020. With much of the world placed under government sanctioned lockdowns, energy demand dropped significantly which resulted in considerable emission reductions worldwide. During peak lockdowns, emissions in Europe dropped an estimated 123 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent.

Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in the European Union from 1965 to 2019 (in million metric tons of CO2)*

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

1965 to 2019

Supplementary notes

*Excludes figures for Malta

According to the source, the carbon emissions in this statistic reflect only those through consumption of oil, gas and coal, and are based on standard global average conversion factors. This does not allow for any carbon that is sequestered, for other sources of carbon emissions, or for emissions of other greenhouse gases.
Data not found in pdf was taken from the BP Statistical Review all data worksheet.

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Statistics on "Emissions in the EU"

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