Emissions in the EU - Statistics & Facts

In the European Union, greenhouse gas emissions have seen a net decrease in recent years, amounting to 4.48 billion metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2017. By comparison, PM2.5 emissions totaled 1,304 gigagrams, while PM10 emissions came to 2,019 gigagrams that same year.
The commercial, institutional and households fuel combustion sector the largest contributor to total PM2.5 and PM10 emissions in the EU-28, with respective shares of 56 percent and 39 percent.

Historically, carbon dioxide emission levels by the largest European emitters increased from 2.38 billion tons of carbon dioxide 1965 to a peak of 3.07 billion tons in 1973. Over the following years, figures declined, totaling 2.09 million metric tons in 2018.

Thanks to an increase in renewable energy consumption, the reduction of greenhouse gases was estimated to have amounted to 499 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2017. By comparison, the rise in renewable electricity consumption led to 358 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent of reduced emissions.

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Emissions in the EU

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Emissions by sector

Historical CO2 emissions

Transport emissions

Emissions reduction

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