Global coffee market: price trend by coffee type 1998-2018

Colombian Mild Arabicas remained the most expensive coffee per pound in 2018, though the trend has seen the price plummet from a 2011 high of 2.84 dollars to 1.37 dollars in 2018. Arabicas of all varieties commanded higher dollar values than their Robusta cousins.

Arabica and Robusta differences

Arabica and Robusta are the two most popular coffee varieties in the world. There are several important differences between the coffees. Robusta is originally from sub-Saharan Africa and is now primarily grown in Africa and Indonesia. Arabica, on the other hand, originated in the Ethiopian highlands and is now typically grown in South America and Africa. Another notable difference between the varieties is their amount of caffeine. Robusta contains nearly double the amount of caffeine of Arabica. Robusta also tolerates a wider range of climate conditions and produces a greater yield per hectare than Arabica. These are two factors which contribute to Arabica’s higher price.

Production and consumption

Due to its demand, over 104.02 million 60-kilogram bags of Arabica were produced worldwide in 2018. The less popular Robusta had a total production of 70.48 million 60-kilogram bags in the same year. Both varieties support the continually growing rate of coffee consumption. In 2017, 161.74 million 60-kilogram bags of coffee were consumed worldwide, up ten percent from 2012.

Average price of coffee worldwide from 1998 to 2018, by type of coffee

Colombian Mild ArabicasOther Mild ArabicasBrazilian Natural ArabicasRobustas
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Release date




Survey time period

1998 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Prices are annual weighted average prices.
Figures have been rounded to provide a better understanding of the statistic.

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