Number of births in China 2009-2019

In 2019, around 14.65 million babies were born in China. The number of births decreased from 15.23 million in 2018 and 17.23 million in 2017.

Demographic development in China

Although the Chinese population has been growing for decades and is still growing at a slow pace, the annual number of births in China has been nearly stable for two decades now, ranging at around 16 million births per year since 2002. To curb the negative effects of an aging population, the Chinese government decided in 2013 to gradually relax the so called one-child-policy, which had been in effect since 1979. From 2016 onwards, parents in China were allowed to have two children in general. However, as the recent figures of births per year reveal, this policy change had only short-term effects on the general birth rate: the number of births slightly increased from 2014 onwards, but then fell again, 2018 even to a long time low. In 2018, China was still the most populous country in the world, closely followed by India. Yet the large population brings about severe demographic challenges for the country.

China’s aging population

The Chinese society is aging rapidly and facing a serious demographic shift towards older age groups. The median age of China’s population has increased massively from about 19 years in 1970 to 37 years in 2015 and is projected to rise continuously until 2070. In 2010, approximately 12 percent of the Chinese were 60 years and older, a figure that is forecast to rise as high as 36 percent by 2060. This shift in demographic development will increase social and elderly support expenditure of the society as a whole. One measure for this social imbalance is the old-age dependency ratio, measuring the relationship between economic dependent older age groups and the working-age population. The old-age dependency ratio in China is expected to soar to 53 percent in 2060, implying that by then one working-age person will have to support one elderly person. For more information on demographic development in China, take a look at our Statista dossiers on population and aging population in China.

Number of births per year in China from 2009 to 2019

Exclusive Premium statistic

You need a Single Account for unlimited access.

  • Full access to 1m statistics

  • Incl. source references

  • Available to download in PNG, PDF, XLS format

Single Account

only $59 / month *
*Duration: 12 months, billed annually, single license

Access to this and all other statistics on 80,000 topics from

$708 / Year

Show detailed source information?
Register for free
Already a member?
Log in
Source

Release date

February 2020

Region

China

Survey time period

2009 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Figures for earlier years have been taken from previous publications.

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Basic Account
Get to know the platform

You only have access to basic statistics.
This statistic is not included in your account.

Single Account
Your perfect start with Statista
  • Instant access to 1m statistics
  • Download in XLS, PDF & PNG format
  • Detailed references
$59 / Month *
Corporate Account
Full access

Corporate solution including all features.

* All products require an annual contract; Prices do not include sales tax.

Statistics on "Population in China"

Statista Accounts: Access All Statistics. Starting from $708 / Year
Learn more about how Statista can support your business.