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Children and old-age dependency ratio in China 2100

Children and old-age dependency ratio in China from 1990 to 2100

by Shu Han, last edited Feb 5, 2019
Children and old-age dependency ratio in China 2100 The graph shows the child and old-age dependency ratio in China from 1990 to 2010, with forecasts up until 2100. In 2010, the child dependency ratio in China had ranged at 22 percent.
Age demographics in China – additional information

With a populace of 1.39 billion people, China stands the country with the largest population in the world. Over the past four decades, the median age of the population in China has increased rapidly and is expected to reach an average age of almost 50 by 2070. Since its foundation in 1949, the PRC has experienced high birth rates. With the exception of the great famine in the early 1960s, population growth in China has remained steady.

China has enjoyed a continuously growing work force since the late 1970s. Simultaneously, the total dependency ratio in China decreased from almost 70 percent in 1980 to about 38 percent in 2016. However, an important turning point was reached in 2011, as total dependency ratio was set to increase again after 30 years of population bonus. As can be seen from the above graph, until 2100, child-dependency is estimated to remain steady between 20 and 30 percent. Old-age dependency on the other hand is expected to grow from about 12 percent in 2010 to over 50 percent in 2060, implying a growing number of senior citizens that need support from the working population.

The shift of age demographics in the near future in China is bound to have ineligible economical and social impacts. To learn more about age demographics in China, take a look at our dossier aging population in China.
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Children and old-age dependency ratio in China from 1990 to 2100

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