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China's total imports and exports in goods 2010-2019

In 2019, the total value of Chinese merchandise imports and exports amounted to about 31.55 trillion yuan. This indicated approximately 3.4 percent growth compared to the previous year.

China’s international trade relations

In 2012, China surpassed the United States to become to the world’s largest trading country in terms of exports and imports of goods. While the United States remained the largest import nation with an import value of around 2.4 trillion U.S. dollars in 2017, China ranked first in global exports with an export value of some 2.5 trillion U.S. dollars in 2018.

According to the National Bureau of Statistics of China, the European Union was the most important export partner of China as of 2019. Exports to the EU are dominated by industrial and consumer goods such as machinery and equipment, as well as footwear and clothing. Chinese imports from the EU are mainly machinery and transport equipment, chemical products and miscellaneous articles.

In 2019, the United States was the second most significant export partner of China with a share in total exports of about 17 percent. China is also one of the United States’ most potential markets for exports. As of 2019, exports from the United States to China had expanded more than fivefold since China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001.

Hong Kong plays a unique role in intermediating and facilitating trade between China and the rest of the world. Mainland Chinese companies sell goods to Hong Kong which re-exports them at marked up prices. Majority of exports from Hong Kong are re-exports.

Total merchandise import and export value in China from 2010 to 2019

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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period

2010 to 2019

Supplementary notes

Note: 1 yuan equals approximately 0.14 U.S. dollars and 0.13 euros (as of February 2020).

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Statistics on "Imports to China"

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