Annual growth rate of imported goods in China 2009-2019

In 2019, goods imports to China increased by about 1.6 percent compared to the previous year. This indicated a significant import trade slowdown.

Goods import to China

In 2019, China’s total international trade value reached 31.55 trillion yuan, comprised of 17.23 trillion yuan merchandise export value and 14.32 trillion yuan import value. Imports accounted for nearly 14.5 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) that year.

China is the world’s third largest merchandise importer after the United States and the European Union. Among the country’s major import goods are integrated circuits, crude oil, iron ore, plastics in primary forms, and motor vehicles. However, edible vegetable oil was the fastest growing product category in 2019, in terms of import value and volume.

The ASEAN and the European Union were the major regions exporting to China in 2019, each accounting for over 13 percent of China’s total imports. The closest neighbors – South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan – each covered around eight percent of the total import value, followed by the United States with a share of approximately six percent.

Import growth

The last month of 2019 witnessed a surge in Chinese import growth, however, it was caused more by the higher import prices than growing import volume. On the other hand, it is likely that the positive progress in the China-U.S. trade talks is boosting corporate confidence and pickup in domestic demand. China has also promised to expand imports of American goods which might still affect the overall import growth in the future.

Annual change of goods imports in China from 2009 to 2019

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Release date

February 2020



Survey time period

2009 to 2019

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Statistics on "Imports to China"

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