World mine reserves of gold as of 2015, by country (in metric tons)*

This statistic illustrates the world mine reserves of gold as of 2015, by country. In that year, the United States was estimated to have some three thousand metric tons of gold reserves in mines. Thus, the U.S. was within the top group of countries based on mine reserves of gold.

The impact of gold

Australia and South Africa hold a large share of the world’s gold mine reserves, accounting for 9,100 metric tons and 6,000 metric tons, respectively. Worldwide, the production of gold reached some three thousand metric tons in 2015. China currently produces about 16 percent of the world’s gold.

Gold is known for its bright lustrous yellow color and was often used as a monetary standard in the past. It is a precious metal mostly used in jewelry, for investments, and in coinage. India manufactured a large share of the world’s gold jewelry, totaling 618 metric tons in 2012. In fact, jewelry accounted for most of the world’s gold, totaling 1,908 metric tons in 2012. The United States holds about 73.4 percent of its total monetary holdings as gold reserves; Switzerland holds about 6.4 percent of its holdings as gold. This transition metal is also valued for its ductile, malleable, and non-reactive characteristics. Thus, it is also used industrially, often as electrical connectors, infrared shielding and colored-glass protection. The price of gold can vary, it reached a recent low in the early 2000s at 279 U.S. dollars per troy ounce in 2000 and increased to 1,669 U.S. dollars per troy ounce in 2012.

Show more
Exclusive Premium statistic

You need a Premium membership to access this statistic.
Advantages of our Premium Account:

  • Immediate access to our full Premium database
  • Save time! Easy to include in your presentations
  • Credible data! Over 18,000 data sources

With Statista, you get straight to the point: analyzing data, rather than searching for it.

Dr. Antonella Mei-Pochtler about Statista
Premium Account
Instant access
to all statistics
Download as XLS, PNG
and PDF
$588 per year*
 Reserves in metric tons
Australia -
Russia -
South Africa -
United States -
Indonesia -
Peru -
Brazil -
Canada -
China -
Uzbekistan -
Mexico -
Ghana -
Papua New Guinea -
Other countries -
Source information for logged in users only.
Show our solutions
Everything you need to know about...
Gold - Statista Dossier
  • Great time-saver
  • All relevant statistics included

Offer: Order your Premium Account now & and get this dossier for free.

Get free dossier
You may also be interested in...
Show more
Recent Statistics
Related market forecasts
Recommended studies and dossiers

Find the proper statistic fast and easy: