Leading global sovereign wealth funds 2019, by managed assets

Largest sovereign wealth funds worldwide as of May2019, by assets under management (in billion U.S. dollars)

by M. Szmigiera, last edited May 20, 2019
Leading global sovereign wealth funds 2019, by managed assets The statistic presents the world’s leading sovereign wealth funds based on the value of assets under management as of May 2019. In that month, the Norwegian Government Pension Fund was the largest SWF fund globally, with managed assets amounting to over 1 trillion U.S. dollars.
Sovereign wealth funds – additional information

In the main, sovereign wealth funds are funded by foreign-exchange reserves, assets which are held by monetary authorities or central banks in the form of U.S. dollars and other leading world currencies as a way of backing liabilities. Sovereign wealth funds are state-owned and are composed of a wide array of financial assets including stocks, bonds, real estate, precious metals and other financial instruments.

A state’s central bank will generally hold the sovereign wealth fund; in the process of its management of a nations funds or banking system funds will be accumulated. These types of state fund are of major economic and fiscal importance. Other variations of sovereign wealth funds are simply state savings that are invested for the purpose of bringing in an investment return; these may not play a significant role in the state’s fiscal management.

Although most sovereign wealth funds are funded by foreign exchange reserves, there are a number of distinctions between the two: sovereign wealth funds are characterized by maximizing return over the long-term, whereas foreign exchange reserves serve their purposes as managers of liquidity, mainly stabilizing currency over the short-term. Stabilization sovereign wealth funds were created to reduce the level of volatility in government revenues, as a way of acting as blocker to the boom-bust cycles’ negative effect on government spending and national economy. Saving sovereign wealth funds build up the level of savings for future generations, this is often preferable to spending the money immediately causing the economy to overheat. It is much better to spend the saved money during periods of low inflation.
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Largest sovereign wealth funds worldwide as of May2019, by assets under management (in billion U.S. dollars)

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Managed assets in billion U.S. dollars
Government Pension Fund - Global (Norway)1,072.84
China Investment Corporation (China)941.42
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (UAE)696.66
Kuwait Investment Authority (Kuwait)592
Hong Kong Monetary Authority
Investment Portfolio (China - Hong Kong)
509.35
SAFE Investment Company (China)*439.84
GIC Private Limited (Singapore)390
Temasek Holdings (Singapore)*374.9
National Council for Social Security Fund (China)341.35
Public Investment Fund (Saudi Arabia)320
Managed assets in billion U.S. dollars
Government Pension Fund - Global (Norway)1,072.84
China Investment Corporation (China)941.42
Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (UAE)696.66
Kuwait Investment Authority (Kuwait)592
Hong Kong Monetary Authority
Investment Portfolio (China - Hong Kong)
509.35
SAFE Investment Company (China)*439.84
GIC Private Limited (Singapore)390
Temasek Holdings (Singapore)*374.9
National Council for Social Security Fund (China)341.35
Public Investment Fund (Saudi Arabia)320
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by M. Szmigiera, last edited May 20, 2019
The statistic presents the world’s leading sovereign wealth funds based on the value of assets under management as of May 2019. In that month, the Norwegian Government Pension Fund was the largest SWF fund globally, with managed assets amounting to over 1 trillion U.S. dollars.
Sovereign wealth funds – additional information

In the main, sovereign wealth funds are funded by foreign-exchange reserves, assets which are held by monetary authorities or central banks in the form of U.S. dollars and other leading world currencies as a way of backing liabilities. Sovereign wealth funds are state-owned and are composed of a wide array of financial assets including stocks, bonds, real estate, precious metals and other financial instruments.

A state’s central bank will generally hold the sovereign wealth fund; in the process of its management of a nations funds or banking system funds will be accumulated. These types of state fund are of major economic and fiscal importance. Other variations of sovereign wealth funds are simply state savings that are invested for the purpose of bringing in an investment return; these may not play a significant role in the state’s fiscal management.

Although most sovereign wealth funds are funded by foreign exchange reserves, there are a number of distinctions between the two: sovereign wealth funds are characterized by maximizing return over the long-term, whereas foreign exchange reserves serve their purposes as managers of liquidity, mainly stabilizing currency over the short-term. Stabilization sovereign wealth funds were created to reduce the level of volatility in government revenues, as a way of acting as blocker to the boom-bust cycles’ negative effect on government spending and national economy. Saving sovereign wealth funds build up the level of savings for future generations, this is often preferable to spending the money immediately causing the economy to overheat. It is much better to spend the saved money during periods of low inflation.
Show more
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