The money markets are the part of the financial market used for raising short-term finance, the segment in which financial instruments with high liquidity and short maturities are traded. It is used by investors for borrowing and lending in the short term. As of December 2018, the interest rate of three-month treasury bills was 2.37 percent and 2.48 percent for six-month treasury bills.
The stock market also plays a role in the financial market. NYSE and NASDAQ, the two main stock exchanges in the United States, were the largest stock exchange operators worldwide by market capitalization of listed companies as of April 2018.
Mutual funds are vehicles pooling investors’ money and locating them on financial markets in accordance with the objectives specified in the fund prospectuses. In 2017, there were 9,356 mutual funds, which managed almost 18.75 trillion U.S. dollars worth of assets. In that year, 44.5 percent of households owned mutual funds in the U.S.
Foreign direct investment is a measure of investments undertaken by companies from one country in another country. Usually it involves the ownership of at least ten percent of the foreign company. In 2017, direct investment position of the United States abroad amounted to 6.01 trillion U.S. dollars.