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Financial market in the U.S. - Statistics & Facts

In finance, the financial market encompasses the part of the free market economic system in which people and entities can trade securities, commodities and other goods at low transaction costs that reflect supply and demand. The financial markets facilitate a number of things that are essential to the workings of a market economy, an economy which heavily relies on interactions between buyers and sellers for the allocation of resources.

The money markets are the part of the financial market used for raising short-term finance, the segment in which financial instruments with high liquidity and short maturities are traded. It is used by investors for borrowing and lending in the short term. As of December 2019, the interest rate of three-month treasury bills was 1.55 percent and 1.54 percent for six-month treasury bills.

The stock market also plays a role in the financial market. NYSE and NASDAQ, the two main stock exchanges in the United States, were the largest stock exchange operators worldwide by market capitalization of listed companies as of May 2019.

Mutual funds are vehicles pooling investors’ money and locating them on financial markets in accordance with the objectives specified in the fund prospectuses. In 2018, there were 9,599 mutual funds, which managed 18 trillion U.S. dollars worth of assets. In that year, 44.8 percent of households owned mutual funds in the United States.

Foreign direct investment is a measure of investments undertaken by companies from one country in another country. Usually it involves the ownership of at least ten percent of the foreign company. In 2018, direct investment position of the United States abroad amounted to approximately six trillion U.S. dollars.

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Financial market in the United States

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Key figures

The most important key figures provide you with a compact summary of the topic of "Financial market in the U.S." and take you straight to the corresponding statistics.

Equity market

Bond market

Stock indices

Investment funds

Foreign direct investments


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