Birth rate in Poland 1950-2018

In 2018 the number of live births in Poland was the lowest since 2016 and amounted to 10.1 per thousand population. The highest rate was recorded in 1950 when the number of births per 1000 people was nearly 31.

Population in Poland

Since 2010, the year in which the census was conducted in Poland, the population has been gradually and systematically decreasing. The society has reduced by 119 thousand since 2010. Many factors influence this state. Both the birth and death rate and the migration rate. When analyzing the birth and death rate, one must take into account both the size of the group of women at reproductive age, the number of elderly, as well as the fertility rate. The latter can be stimulated by an increase in household income as well as by social transfers, such as the government program for families with children called "500+". It is predicted that by 2050 the population of Poland will decline by over 4.5 million people compared to 2013.

Situation of Polish families

In developed countries, the financial situation plays a key role in family planning. The average family in Poland has 2.64 people, and since 2010 this indicator has been systematically decreasing. Although the financial situation of Poles is improving every year, their increasing costs of living, lack of stability, and awareness of investments related to having a family make Poles postpone their decision on parenthood. The government's “500 plus” family support program was designed to help Polish families with children to develop further. However, recent surveys of birth rates show that this goal has not been fully achieved.

Number of live births in Poland from 1950 to 2018

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Release date

October 2019



Survey time period

1950 to 2018

Supplementary notes

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Statistics on "Poland"

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