There were approximately 66.8 million people living in the United Kingdom in 2019, making it the third largest country in Europe , behind only Russia and Germany, and slightly ahead of France. Since 1971 there has been a net increase of almost 11 million people in the United Kingdom, with the country passing the 60 million mark in 2005. The United Kingdom itself is composed of four different nations, with England having the largest population at 56.29 million, followed by Scotland at 5.46 million, Wales at 3.15 million and Northern Ireland at 1.89 million.
Baby boomers still the biggest generation
In 2019, women outnumbered men in the United Kingdom by approximately 840 thousand, while the largest age group in that year were those aged between 50 and 54. This group of people, currently in middle-age are some of the youngest members of the Baby boomer generation, the cohort of people born after the Second World War. Another demographic feature of the United Kingdom is that it is a heavily urbanized country, with the degree of urbanization reaching 83.4 percent in 2018. By far its largest city is London which had a population of 8.9 million people in 2019, more than three times as big as the next largest city, Birmingham.
Improvements in life expectancy stalling
The birth rate of the United Kingdom in 2018 was 11 births per 1,000 population, a significant drop when compared with 2010 when it was 12.9. In total there were just over 731 thousand live births in the United Kingdom in 2017, around 24 thousand fewer than there were in the previous year. While there have also been significant improvements in life expectancy since 2000, the life expectancy actually dropped slightly in 2018, when compared with 2017, with women having a life expectancy of around 83 years, and men 79 years.
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In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the 34 most important statistics relating to "Demographics of the UK".