Demographics of the UK - Statistics and Facts

In 2015 the total population of the United Kingdom stood at more than 65.1 million inhabitants, over half of which were female. When sorted by age group, there were over 4.63 million inhabitants aged between 45 and 49 years, the most populous of any age group. In the same year the number of live births per 1,000 people stabilized at 12.1 for the second consecutive year, reaching a total number of live births of approximately 777.2 thousand in the most recent period. When split by country, a clear difference in population between England and the rest of the UK presented itself, the regional population of England shows that there are more people living in London than there are living in Scotland and Wales combined.

Figures relating to UK life expectancy (broken-down by gender) demonstrate that the average length of life in the UK has been gradually rising over the identified period. In accordance with this trend, the death rate has experienced an overall decrease of 1.4 deaths per 1,000 residents from 2000 to 2015.

The average size of UK households broken down by country show that Northern Ireland had on average the most densely populated households, whereas Scotland had the least. These trends were also reflected in data on population density.

In recent years, migration inflow to the UK underwent some rather substantial annual increases in the years following 2013, whereby immigration grew by almost 150 thousand people over the course of four years. Differing from this trend, the number of emigrants leaving the United Kingdom has experienced decreases over the previous 11 years, effectively producing a positive trend in terms of net migration figures.

Historical data regarding the population development of the UK shows that the number of live births in the UK from 1931 to 1960 expanded greatly in the years following 1945, peaking in 1947 at roughly 1.03 million. The annual number of live births didn't surpass the one million mark for another 18 years, until 1964, this is evidenced by the number of live births from 1961 to 1990. In the prevailing years the live birth rate from 1990 to 2015 has shown a net decrease in the amount of live births, reaching 777 thousand in 2015.

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Demographics of the UK Part I - Important statistics

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