Carbon dioxide emissions in Sweden 2000-2019

Sweden has long been recognized as an environmental leader, so it is no surprise that the country has some of the lowest carbon dioxide (CO2) emission levels in Europe. Between 2004 and 2019, Sweden saw its CO2 emissions decrease from a high of 64 million metric tons to 46.3 million metric tons. In 2017, Sweden emitted approximately 5.5 metric tons of CO2 per capita, the lowest within the European Union.

Renewable shares keep growing

One reason for Sweden’s low emission levels is the increasing reliance on renewable energy. In 2012, Sweden surpassed its 2020 target of 49 percent energy generation from renewable sources. Since then, the renewable share of total energy consumption has further increased and amounted to just under 55 percent in 2017. The following infographic shows just how far ahead Sweden was in 2016 when compared to the rest of Europe in terms of reaching national 2020 renewable targets.

Taking emissions seriously

  It is not just renewable energy that will assist in Sweden reducing emissions. In addition to the most stringent carbon taxes in Europe, it is also hoped that low carbon vehicles will help too. In 2019, the market share of newly registered electric passenger vehicles was higher than in the majority of European nations, at 13 percent.

Carbon dioxide emissions in Sweden from 2000 to 2019

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period

2000 to 2019

Supplementary notes

According to the source, the carbon emissions in this statistic reflect only those through consumption of oil, gas and coal, and are based on standard global average conversion factors. This does not allow for any carbon that is sequestered, for other sources of carbon emissions, or for emissions of other greenhouse gases.
Data prior to 2007 was taken from the BP Statistical Review data worksheet.

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