Central Mediterranean illegal border-crossing to the EU 2009-2018

This statistic shows the total number of individuals using the Central Mediterranean route (over Italy or Malta) to enter the European Union (EU) illegally from 2009 to 2018. Between 2014 and 2017 the annual number of illegal border-crossings on this route exceeded 100 thousand in ever year, peaking at just over 181 thousand in 2016. The number of illegal border-crossings fell to just over 23 thousand in 2018, the most recent year in this statistic.

Number of illegal border-crossings to the European Union (EU) over the Central Mediterranean route (Italy and Malta) from 2009 to 2018

Number of illegal border-crossing
201823,485
2017118,962
2016181,459
2015153,946
2014170,664
201340,304
201210,379
201159,002
20101,662
200910,236
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Source

Release date

February 2019

Region

Europe

Survey time period

2009 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* excluding Apulia and Calabria

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Statistics on "Migration routes via Italy to Europe"

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