Australia has always had significantly more people immigrating than emigrating from the country, with approximately 240 thousand more people staying than leaving in 2017. Immigrants are also well distributed among all age groups although the majority of immigrantsare between the age of 40 to 44 years of age.
Immigration in Australia tends to occur in waves. Early inception of the country focused on migrant from the UK and other parts of western Europe followed by large numbers of Italians and Greek population post-World War 2. The early 2000s showed a rapidly increasing number of immigrants from Asian countries with China and India dominating the figures. There were approximately 46 thousand more people immigrating to Australia than emigrating from China followed by India with approximately 55 thousand more people immigrating than emigrating.
Current immigration policy in Australia places a heavy focus on skilled and qualified labour. Among permanent migrants in the country, more than half hold a skill-based visa and more than half hold at least a bachelor’s degree or higher.