Manufacture of global opium alkaloids and derivatives by type 2013-2017

This statistic displays the manufacture of opium alkaloids and their derivatives globally from 2013 to 2017, by type. In 2013, there were 455.7 kilograms of morphine manufactured worldwide. Global consumption of this drug has grown by almost a factor of six between 1991 and 2010. Differences around the world in consumption levels of morphine for pain treatment are due to economic, knowledge, and regulatory factors.

Manufacture of opium alkaloids and their derivatives worldwide from 2013 to 2017, by type

20132014201520162017
Morphine455,728463,632419,597421,959340,924
Codeine360,762378,968333,963323,295281,526
Thebaine132,130102,60193,532156,008142,425
Burprenorphine*8,75411,52712,63912,36515,776
Dihydro-codeine28,55434,05931,42928,91932,515
Ethyl-morphine2,3142,1171,4151,0711,399
Hydrocodone46,15348,23143,58939,72524,148
Oxycodone138,071121,383123,327130,197118,743
Pholcodine10,0508,7087,0508,9278,986
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Source

Release date

December 2018

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2013 to 2017

Supplementary notes

* A type of opioid controlled under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971.

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