Manufacture of global opium alkaloids and derivatives by type 2014-2018

This statistic displays the manufacture of opium alkaloids and their derivatives globally from 2014 to 2018, by type. In 2014, there were 463.6 kilograms of morphine manufactured worldwide. Global consumption of this drug has grown by almost a factor of six between 1991 and 2010. Differences around the world in consumption levels of morphine for pain treatment are due to economic, knowledge, and regulatory factors.

Manufacture of opium alkaloids and their derivatives worldwide from 2014 to 2018, by type

20142015201620172018
Morphine463,632419,597421,959340,924387,671
Codeine378,968333,963323,295281,526308,179
Thebaine102,60193,532156,008142,425127,725
Burprenorphine*11,52712,63912,36515,77617,243
Dihydro-codeine34,05931,42928,91924,49735,906
Ethyl-morphine2,1171,4151,0711,3991,163
Hydrocodone48,23143,58939,72524,14819,390
Oxycodone121,383123,327130,197118,74395,366
Pholcodine8,7087,0508,9278,9863,969
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Source

Release date

February 2020

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2014 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* A type of opioid controlled under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971.

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