Canada's ethanol consumption and production 2007-2019

The volume of ethanol consumed in Canada generally exceeds the volume that is produced, making Canada a net importer. In 2019, ethanol consumption is expected to reach 3.33 billion liters in comparison to 2 billion liters in production. Production of ethanol has grown in recent years largely due to changes in feedstocks and increased capacity at existing ethanol facilities.

What is ethanol?

Ethanol is a liquid alcohol that is formed from the fermentation of sugar or converted starches from grains or agricultural feedstocks. Ethanol is produced for a range of different applications, like fuel ethanol. Ethanol can be blended with gasoline to be used as a more environmentally-friendly fuel in modern gasoline-powered vehicles. Ethanol is considered renewable as it is produced from biomass and produces less emissions than gasoline or diesel.

Ethanol in Canada

Most ethanol in Canada is produced from corn and wheat. In terms of blending, ethanol is usually blended at 10 percent where blending facilities exist, but otherwise ethanol is blended at 0 percent. Mandates for ethanol blends vary across provinces. In Ontario, the ethanol in gasoline regulation requires a minimum of 5 percent renewable content in gasoline.

Consumption and production of ethanol in Canada from 2007 to 2019

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Release date

July 2019



Survey time period

2007 to 2018

Supplementary notes

* Estimate.
** Forecast.
Figures prior to 2010 were taken from earlier publications.

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