Global biofuel production by select country 2019

This statistic represents the leading countries in biofuel production in 2019. In Germany, production reached around 143 petajoules that year. That means Germany is among the top five countries in biofuel production, and the leading producer in Europe.

Biofuel production in the U.S.

Biofuels are characterized by fuels that obtain their energy through the process of biological carbon fixation. These hydrocarbons are made by or from living organisms in a relatively short period of time - in comparison to the formation of fossil fuels which requires millions of years. The United States is by far the largest producer of biofuel in the world, accounting for 38 percent of global biofuel production in 2019. The country produced 1,557 petajoules in this year, and is a major producer of biodiesel. Global biofuel production has gradually increased from 187 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day in 2000 to 1.8 million barrels of oil equivalent per day in 2019.

Biofuels are commonly used as part of mixtures with fossil fuel sources or as additives. One of the largest consumers of biofuels in the U.S. is the national army. Many vehicles can be fueled using blends containing up to 10 percent ethanol. In the beginning of the 20th century, many Ford T models were fueled with ethanol. Biofuels can also be generated through the consumption or conversion of biomass material. This conversion can occur thermally, chemically, or biochemically. Biomass consumption in the United States totaled 4,985 trillion British thermal units in 2019.

Leading countries based on biofuel production in 2019 (in petajoules)*

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

*Includes biogasoline (such as ethanol) and biodiesel. Volumes have been adjusted for energy content.

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