Global alumina import and export 2005-2019

Total global exports of alumina increased from 30 million metric tons in 2005 to 37.5 million metric tons at the end of 2019.

Alumina and aluminum

Alumina is the common name for aluminum(III) oxide. It is used to produce aluminum metal. Aluminum ranks number one in the consumption volumes among all base metals, and is expected to strengthen its dominant position as a key structural material in the coming years. The increasing global demand for aluminum continues to be driven by China in 2018. The country made up more than half of the primary aluminum consumption worldwide in 2019, fourfold the share of the second-placed Middle East, and was also the largest aluminum smelter producer worldwide by a wide margin.

Global exports of alumina were increasing year-on-year until 2015, before starting a decreasing trend between 2016 and 2019. Import trends, however, have shown an unpredictable fluctuation. As of 2018, most of the world’s largest aluminum producers were located in Asia.

Import and export of alumina worldwide from 2005 to 2019

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In cooperation with
World Bureau of Metal Statistics
Release date




Survey time period

2005 to 2019

Supplementary notes

This statistic was assembled using several editions of the report.

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