Industrial confidence indicator;
Services confidence indicator;
Consumer confidence indicator;
Construction confidence indicator;
Retail trade confidence indicator.
These indicators are designed to show how optimistic or pessimistic a group feels about the general market or certain business environments and how various factors, such as unemployment or inflation, affect future behavior.
In September 2018, Luxembourg reached a positive index of approximately 110.4. In the period between September 2017 to September 2018, the ESI in all three Benelux-countries has increased for the most part. Despite that, a drop in confidence was noted from May 2018 in both Belgium as well as the Netherlands.