Industrial confidence indicator;
Services confidence indicator;
Consumer confidence indicator;
Construction confidence indicator;
Retail trade confidence indicator.
These indicators are designed to show how optimistic or pessimistic a group feels about the general market or certain business environments and how various factors, such as unemployment or inflation, affect future behavior.
In January 2018, Luxembourg reached a positive index of approximately 112.9. In the period between December 2016 to December 2017, the ESI in all three Benelux-countries has increased for the most part. Despite that, a drop in confidence was noted in February 2017. Also, Belgium's ESI decreased in this period, even though it showed a sign of recovering in June 2017.