Annual yield of rice India FY 1991-2019

In financial year 2019, the yield of rice estimated in the country was approximately 2.6 thousand kilograms per hectare. There was a consistent increase in the yield of rice since fiscal year 1991. This comes as no surprise seeing as rice is a staple food grain in India, with the yield competing with China’s. The increasing Indian population is reflected by the growing rice demand across the country, as well as production and consumption volumes.  

Rice in Indian cuisine

  Along with other food grains, rice is arguably the most important part of an Indian meal at least once in a day, regardless of region. India was the largest global rice producer in terms of the area harvested. Although some of this is exported, these numbers were reached in order to meet the demand for the crop – a demand from about 1.3 billion people. Despite the cultivation of wheat and other products, rice was the most consumed agricultural product and had the highest market value in 2016.

Keeping up with the demand

Agriculture , the backbone of the Indian economy and the reason for over 60 percent of the population’s livelihood, gets arguably not as much assistance as it needs. Even in the face of governmental efforts to improve methods and to introduce education and development programs to ensure a more productive, less labor-intensive process, recent years have proved difficult for farmers. Excessive rain leading to flooding, droughts from unpredictable heat waves, in addition to the recent slump in the economy have led to challenging circumstances. High-yielding plants, agrochemicals and the use of technology might be solutions, reflected in an increasingly funded agro-technology market in the country.

Annual yield of rice in India from financial year 1991 to 2019

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Release date

June 2019



Survey time period

FY 1991 to FY 2018

Supplementary notes

*As per 4th advance estimates FY 2018.

**As per 2nd advance estimate FY 2019 and horticultural crops 1st advance estimates FY 2019.

India's financial year starts in April and ends in March. For example, FY 2017 started in April 2016 and ended in March 2017.

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Statistics on "Staple food market in India"

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