AIDS incidence rate in China 2015-2019

About 5.1 out of 100,000 people in China had AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) as of 2019. The increasing number of AIDS cases in China can be attributed mostly to intravenous drug use, prostitution, and blood donations. AIDS is caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

Global HIV/AIDS epidemic

Globally, the number of new HIV infections declined significantly over the last decade. According to the estimation from UNAIDS, the virus had infected about 0.8 percent of the total adult population aged between 15 and 49 years in 2018. That year, there were 770 thousand AIDS-related deaths worldwide. Most death cases were registered in African countries, whereas around a quarter were registered in Asia and Pacific region.

Sexually transmitted infections in China

In China, AIDS ranked twelfth in terms of incidence rate of infectious diseases. However, it remained the deadliest in the group, causing nearly 21 thousand deaths in 2019. Compared to other sexually transmitted infections (STI), AIDS had the lowest incidence rate. Hepatitis B had the highest rate of new cases – about 71.8 out of 100,000 people, followed by syphilis and gonorrhea. It is worth noting that the official data of STI are commonly lower than the actual figures. Lack of STI testing knowledge, low income, and social stigmatization are the main reasons why some patients do not seek medical help when they contract an STI.

AIDS incidence rate in China from 2015 to 2019

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Release date

April 2020



Survey time period

2015 to 2019

Supplementary notes

This data does not include numbers registered in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macao.
Figures have been rounded.

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