Canada's mining industry is one of the largest in the world. Producing more than 60 metals and minerals, Canada is among the top five worldwide producers of 14 different commodity metals and minerals. Canada is the largest producer of potash worldwide, the second-largest uranium and niobium producer, and the third-largest aluminum, tungsten, platinum group metal, and cobalt producer. Furthermore, it is the fourth-largest salt, sulfur, titanium, and nickel producer in the world. For gold, diamonds, and cadmium, it is the world's fifth-largest producer.
Given the substantial production volume and diversity of the Canadian mining industry, it is not surprising that it has a significant impact on the economy. In 2014, the mining industry contributed some 57 billion Canadian dollars to Canada's nominal gross domestic product (gdp), while the real gdp contribution amounted to 23.9 billion Canadian dollars that year. The mining industry has the highest average wages/salaries of any industry in the country, and as of 2014 there were nearly 377 thousand people employed in the mining, support activities for mining, and mineral processing industries combined.
A significant amount of the world's leading mining companies are headquartered in Canada, operating domestically and internationally. For example, Barrick Gold and Goldcorp are headquartered in Toronto and Vancouver respectively, and the largest potash producing company in the world, the Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan, Inc. (also referred to as PotashCorp) is based in Saskatchewan. Additionally, there are more than 3,700 companies that supply the financial, environmental, engineering, geotechnical, and other services to the mining activities throughout the country.
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