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Cocoa Industry - Statistics & Facts

The cocoa bean, also referred to as cacao or simply cocoa, is the dried and fully fermented fatty seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids and cocoa oil are extracted. The "beans" are the essential ingredient for chocolate and cacao products. Products received from cocoa beans are not only used in chocolates, but also in a wide range of food products. In recent years, the price of cocoa is well over two U.S. dollars per kilogram. The cacao plant was first given its scientific name by famous Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus. Theobroma literally means "food of the gods".

The cocoa tree is native to the Americas. It originally comes from Central America as well as some parts of Mexico. Today, nearly 70 percent of the world cacao is grown in Africa. In 2018/2019, the production of cocoa beans in Africa was estimated to be some 3.6 million metric tons, more than half of which, around two million tons, was produced on the Ivory Coast.

Nowadays the cocoa industry faces multiple problems. Apart from tropical climate, growing cocoa requires very specific conditions, such as shade and well distributed damping, as well as a wide range of various soils. Poor soil fertility conditions, old tree stocks, uncontrolled use of chemicals and deforestation are threats to the sustainability of cocoa production. Consumers become more and more aware of this situation and look for products that are grown in a responsible way. UTZ is a certified program for sustainable farming that ensures compliance with certain production requirements. Since 2009, the number of UTZ certified cocoa producing countries has increased from three participants to 18 in 2018.

Interesting statistics

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Statistics on the topic
Cocoa industry

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Key figures

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Production by country


U.S. import


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