Currently, Arla Foods employs some 19 thousand people worldwide and is divided into three main business segments: Arla Europe, Arla International and Arla Foods Ingredients. Arla Europe serves the European market, while Arla International serves other regions around the world. The Arla Foods Ingredients division produces functional milk proteins, which are used in a range of bakery and dairy products, as well as whey-derived bioactive ingredients with uses in infant and sports nutrition and functional foods.
Arla Foods consists of three major strategic brands: Arla, Lurpak, and Castello. The Arla brand as a whole supplies a range of dairy products, including a recently introduced lactose-free range for those with dietary sensitivities, while Lurpak is a butter product and Castello covers various cheese products. As a whole, the global revenue share of Arla Foods when broken down by product group is predominantly made up of fresh milk products and cheese. The company has experienced year on year increases in global net profit, along with rising net profit margins. The amount of milk processed by Arla Foods worldwide has also experienced considerable increases in volume, resulting in the capacity for the company to continue expanding their brand and products globally. Arla Foods reached a global net revenue of 9.6 billion euros in 2016.
Milk prices have had a significant effect on dairy cooperatives around the world, particularly in Europe, as overproduction of milk has resulted in both unstable and lower farm-gate prices for raw milk. Compared to private dairies, cooperatives are unable to compensate for such variability and can threaten farmers' livelihoods by being unable to supply with them with a secure and sustainable income, given such a volatile market.