Dairy farming is one of the largest agricultural sectors in Canada. There are strict milk quality procedures in place in Canada to ensure that consumers get the highest quality milk. Quebec had around 354,200 dairy cows on farms as of January 2018 and produced the most milk out of all Canadian provinces in 2017, with milk production being an essential part of their economy.
With the rise of specialty diets in Canada, in particular veganism with 2.3 percent of the population not eating any animal products, it is no surprise that milk consumption per capita has been decreasing annually. In 2017, consumption per capita was 66.68 liters, a significant drop from 83.13 liters ten years previously. Despite this decrease in demand, the retail price for homogenized milk has risen over the years, reaching 2.51 Canadian dollars per liter in February of 2018.
For those consumers who do continue to drink milk, the way in which it is produced is becoming increasingly important. This is evidenced in the increase in the volume of organic milk produced in Canada, reaching around 1.21 million liters in 2016/17, and the growth of organic milk producers in Canada.