The Emmy Awards were established by the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS) and were first held in 1949. It initially debuted as an award show for only locally televised programs in the Los Angeles area, but has since grown to be a national event that is broadcast across the country. The Emmys are famous for their statuettes that depict a winged woman holding an atom. Winning and being nominated for an Emmy has a significant influence on viewership of TV shows, especially among young audiences.
The Emmys currently comprise different annual ceremonies held throughout the year that cater to specific sectors of the television industry. The two most prominent are the Primetime Emmy Awards and the Daytime Emmy Awards. In 2016, Game of Thrones was the program the received that most number of Primetime Emmy Awards and HBO was the studio with the highest number of nominations in 2017. Ellen DeGeneres is the performer with the most Primetime Emmy Awards of all time. Sheila Nevins and Hector Ramirez both share the top spot as the most Emmy-Nominated individuals of all time.
The Emmys recently experienced a sudden drop in TV ratings as the number of Primetime Emmy Awards viewers hit an all time low in 2016. The Emmys also continue to face challenges in the area of diversity, specifically in race and gender inequality. This is due largely to the rather lopsided distribution of winners and nominees, by gender (largely in favor of men) and by ethnicity (largely disfavors people of color).
Other notable Emmy ceremonies include the: Sports Emmys, News and Documentary Emmys, Engineering Emmys, Regional and International Emmys, as well as the College Television Awards.