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Automotive manufacturing industry in the UK - Statistics & Facts

In the mid-20th century, the automobile manufacturing industry in the United Kingdom was the second greatest in the world. Today, production is mainly focused on a few remaining British prestige brands and commercial vehicles, while also housing plants of foreign manufacturers such as Nissan, Ford, BMW, and Peugeot.

The motor industry contributes about 18.6 billion British pounds to the country’s economy. The automotive sector is employer to more than 800,000 people, and the manufacturing sector of the UK automotive industry provides around 170,000 jobs alone. The UK auto industry produces more than 1.3 million passenger cars and almost 80,000 commercial vehicles annually.

The European Union is the largest market for UK-manufactured vehicle exports, both in terms of passenger cars and commercial vehicles. The 27 member states of the union are the destination for every second car and almost 95 percent of commercial vehicles exported from the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom exports roughly 46,000 commercial vehicles every year.

Passenger car production in the United Kingdom fell between 2003 and 2008 as rail transport took over some passenger transport demand. The industry was hit hard by the global financial crisis in 2008: car production fell by over 30 percent in 2009. After recovering from recession, vehicle manufacturing faced new challenges. Weakening demand for passenger cars internationally, Brexit uncertainty and the Dieselgate scandal have contributed to less activity in the industry between 2016 and 2019. Around 1,000 automotive manufacturing jobs were lost during this time with more expected to follow. The coronavirus pandemic was particularly difficult for the industry. Car output was around 43 percent lower in the first half of 2020 compared to the previous year and over 11,000 jobs were lost in manufacturing and retail.

The UK's shift towards electric vehicles has been slower than some of its contemporary countries. However, battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are becoming a key aspect of the automotive industry. The strong research industry of the UK has allowed the country to stay relevant with the fast changing technology but may struggle to become a key player. Big manufacturers in the UK, such as Nissan, Jaguar Land Rover and BMW produce battery electric models at UK facilities. Batteries are roughly 40 percent of the cost of a new BEV and they will play a foundational role in any nations automotive sector in the future. While some manufacturers already produce or source batteries produced in the UK, the industry must scale up efforts in order to compete with foreign products. Demand in battery passenger cars has grown substantially but remained low throughout the 2010s in part due to a lack of investment in incentives and charging infrastructure by various governments. Commercial vehicles have shifted marginally in recent years as charging infrastructure can be installed at depots.

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Automotive manufacturing industry in the UK - Statistics & Facts

In the mid-20th century, the automobile manufacturing industry in the United Kingdom was the second greatest in the world. Today, production is mainly focused on a few remaining British prestige brands and commercial vehicles, while also housing plants of foreign manufacturers such as Nissan, Ford, BMW, and Peugeot.

The motor industry contributes about 18.6 billion British pounds to the country’s economy. The automotive sector is employer to more than 800,000 people, and the manufacturing sector of the UK automotive industry provides around 170,000 jobs alone. The UK auto industry produces more than 1.3 million passenger cars and almost 80,000 commercial vehicles annually.

The European Union is the largest market for UK-manufactured vehicle exports, both in terms of passenger cars and commercial vehicles. The 27 member states of the union are the destination for every second car and almost 95 percent of commercial vehicles exported from the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom exports roughly 46,000 commercial vehicles every year.

Passenger car production in the United Kingdom fell between 2003 and 2008 as rail transport took over some passenger transport demand. The industry was hit hard by the global financial crisis in 2008: car production fell by over 30 percent in 2009. After recovering from recession, vehicle manufacturing faced new challenges. Weakening demand for passenger cars internationally, Brexit uncertainty and the Dieselgate scandal have contributed to less activity in the industry between 2016 and 2019. Around 1,000 automotive manufacturing jobs were lost during this time with more expected to follow. The coronavirus pandemic was particularly difficult for the industry. Car output was around 43 percent lower in the first half of 2020 compared to the previous year and over 11,000 jobs were lost in manufacturing and retail.

The UK's shift towards electric vehicles has been slower than some of its contemporary countries. However, battery electric vehicles (BEVs) are becoming a key aspect of the automotive industry. The strong research industry of the UK has allowed the country to stay relevant with the fast changing technology but may struggle to become a key player. Big manufacturers in the UK, such as Nissan, Jaguar Land Rover and BMW produce battery electric models at UK facilities. Batteries are roughly 40 percent of the cost of a new BEV and they will play a foundational role in any nations automotive sector in the future. While some manufacturers already produce or source batteries produced in the UK, the industry must scale up efforts in order to compete with foreign products. Demand in battery passenger cars has grown substantially but remained low throughout the 2010s in part due to a lack of investment in incentives and charging infrastructure by various governments. Commercial vehicles have shifted marginally in recent years as charging infrastructure can be installed at depots.

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In the following 4 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "Automotive manufacturing industry in the United Kingdom".

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