In 2018, the UK had produced a total of 1.52 million passenger cars, a decline from previous years. The leading manufacturer was home brand Jaguar Land Rover, closely followed by Japanese car maker Nissan. Both had produced around 500 thousand vehicles through factories in the UK.
New registrations of passenger cars have stayed relatively stable in the past fourteen years, part from noticeable declines in 2009 and 2011. Figures for 2017 amounted to 2.5 million and were on a similar level to 2003. In 2018, the most popular car model was the Ford Fiesta, with nearly 96,000 units sold. The manufacturer Ford also accounted for two other best-selling models among the top ten, more than any other car maker.
Regarding international trading, export volumes of passenger cars recorded a peak of 1.35 million units in 2016. However, figures had declined to 1.24 million two years later. Between 2015 and 2017, the main export destination was the EU, which accounted for more than half of all foreign sales in those years.
In terms of changes of the consumer price index (CPI), in 2018 the CPI of vehicle purchases was measured at 103.1, which was a jump of more than 3 points from the year prior. By comparison, CPI of second-hand cars had been net declining since 2010.