Agriculture in Egypt - statistics & facts

Agriculture was the main driving factor for the establishment of the Egyptian civilization. Archeologists dated the beginning of agriculture in Egypt back to prehistoric period of 6,000-3,150 BCE, although some evidence suggests its beginning back to 8,000 BCE.
Even before the establishment of the pharaonic dynasties in Egypt, the people of the Nile delta transformed their semiarid land into a fertile field through the annual inundation of the river Nile. The importance of the Nile river to the life and survival of those paleolithic settlers soon made its way into their mythology and religious and cultural beliefs.
The abundance and prosperity of the fertile land around the river Nile brought to early the agriculturalists for the first time in human history the chance to settle, store food and crops and begin long-term planning. This helped to establish structure of ancient Egyptian society, which was ruled by the Pharaohs, who started off as those in charge of managing and guarding the surplus of produced crops for feeding masses and saving it for leaner times.

The importance of agriculture for Egypt is still high today; almost 12 percent of the GDP is generated from the agricultural sector. Even today, the majority of the Egyptian workforce is employed in the agricultural sector.

Egypt is the most populated country in the Middle East and North African region. The food self-sufficiency ratio for Egypt is 88 percent. This means, that Egypt belongs to those countries that roughly produce the same amount of food that they consume. At the same time, it is able to export some if its agricultural production. Between 2014 and 2016 the average value of food production amounted to approximately 238 U.S. dollars per person. At the same time about 10 million people in Egypt are suffering severe food insecurity.

The leading crop produced in the Egyptian agricultural sector was sugar cane and leading livestock were sheep and chicken


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