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Renewable energy in the Netherlands - statistics & facts

Over the last decade, renewable energy consumption increased in the Netherlands. In 2019, the share of consumed energy derived from renewable sources reached 8.7 percent. Still, in terms of consumption, the Netherlands remained far behind other countries in the European Union. Nonetheless, the Dutch production of energy from renewable sources was on the rise. In other words, although the production and consumption of renewable energy are expanding, the use of renewable sources in the Dutch energy sector remains scarce.

Renewable energy capacity

The Netherlands mostly generated power from renewable sources such as wind, solar energy, and biomass. In 2020, electricity generated by wind power in the Netherlands amounted to 15.3 terawatt-hours. The electric production derived from photovoltaic power, on the other hand, produced 5.2 terawatt-hours in 2019. Although the production of electricity derived from biomass decreased over the last couple of years, the Netherlands produced 5.7 terawatt-hours of electricity through solid biomass in 2020.

Energy consumption in the Netherlands

To this day, the Netherlands mainly consumes energy derived from oil or natural gas. In 2020, the Netherlands consumed 746 thousand oil barrels per day and 36.6 billion cubic meters of natural gas. Furthermore, the country was also growing highly dependent on energy imports. In 2018, it was estimated that the dependency rate on energy imports in the Netherlands reached 68 percent. In 2021, most of the renewable energy imports came from Italy and Spain. For 2020, the European Union aims for around 20 percent of the energy consumed by the European population and companies to be derived from renewable sources. This means the Netherlands should increase using renewable energy to meet EU goals.

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