Agriculture in Russia - statistics & facts

Russia as the largest country by landmass worldwide is also in possession of a vast area for agricultural activity. Given the climate characteristics of the region, fruit and berry production is somewhat limited. However, grain and livestock farming are broadly developed, which is reflected in the country’s high self-sufficiency levels for such products. Furthermore, Russia listed fourth by wheat production globally as of 2018/19.

Farming in Russia

The steadily growing cereal and grain production levels are expected to reach roughly 134 billion metric tons by 2024. With over one-fifth of global oat production and a total of nearly 80 million hectares of planted farmland as of 2018, Russia ranks as a major crop producer on an international level.

Despite the decline in the cattle count in recent years, a positive development has been observed in meat and meat products production year-on-year. Poultry inventory has recorded higher numbers as well. State production targets for livestock and poultry slaughter in 2020 were set at 14.4 million metric tons.

Consumption and agricultural trade

The national consumption levels of major agricultural products in Russia have been fairly stable. Grain was leading by consumption levels, with wheat the most demanded type. Statistical data also revealed a clear preference among Russians for milk and dairy products, compared to meat and its derivatives.

The agricultural export share in the total exports from Russia ranged from five to six percent over the past years. Wheat was and is projected to remain the most exported agricultural commodity in the future. As for imported grain, most of which was corn, its share in agricultural imports was the lowest compared to others.

Major agricultural holdings in Russia

Miratorg Agribusiness Holding - a privately held company based in Moscow focusing mainly on meat production, was the largest agricultural company by turnover and by farmland ownership in Russia as of 2019. Another key market player is the Cherkizovo Group, a younger company, which in 15 years has become the largest poultry and the second-largest pork producer in the country.

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 49 most important statistics relating to "Agriculture in Russia".

Agriculture in Russia

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Crop and livestock farming

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