Farming in RussiaThe steadily growing cereal and grain production levels are expected to reach roughly 134 billion metric tons by 2024. With over one-fifth of global oat production and a total of nearly 80 million hectares of planted farmland as of 2018, Russia ranks as a major crop producer on an international level.
Despite the decline in the cattle count in recent years, a positive development has been observed in meat and meat products production year-on-year. Poultry inventory has recorded higher numbers as well. State production targets for livestock and poultry slaughter in 2020 were set at 14.4 million metric tons.
Consumption and agricultural tradeThe national consumption levels of major agricultural products in Russia have been fairly stable. Grain was leading by consumption levels, with wheat the most demanded type. Statistical data also revealed a clear preference among Russians for milk and dairy products, compared to meat and its derivatives.
The agricultural export share in the total exports from Russia ranged from five to six percent over the past years. Wheat was and is projected to remain the most exported agricultural commodity in the future. As for imported grain, most of which was corn, its share in agricultural imports was the lowest compared to others.