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Agriculture in Russia - statistics & facts

Russia as the largest country by landmass worldwide is also in possession of a vast area for agricultural activity. Given the climate characteristics of the region, fruit and berry production is somewhat limited. However, grain and livestock farming are broadly developed, which is reflected in the country’s high self-sufficiency levels for such products. Wheat is the most exported agricultural commodity of the country. Furthermore, Russia ranked fourth by wheat production worldwide in the marketing year 2020/21.

Farming in Russia

With nearly 80 million hectares of planted farmland as of 2020, Russia ranks as a major crop producer on the international level. Despite a decline in cattle inventory in recent years, a positive development has been observed in meat production. In 2021, nearly 11.3 million metric tons of meat and products were produced in Russia. Consumption of milk and dairy products has increased since 2018, exceeding 38.3 million metric tons in 2021.

Russia's role in global wheat trade

Russia is the world's leading wheat exporter. In 2020, the country exported over 37 million metric tons of wheat, accounting for approximately one fifth of total wheat exports. The global dependence on Russian grains has been highlighted in 2022 when Russia invaded Ukraine. The war and subsequent supply chain issues have threatened wheat supplies to other countries. Armenia, Mongolia, Benin, and Kazakhstan were the markets most dependent on wheat and meslin imports from Russia.

Major agricultural holdings in Russia

Miratorg Agribusiness Holding, a privately held company based in Moscow which focused on meat production, was the second-largest agricultural company by revenue and the largest by farmland ownership in Russia. Another key market player is Cherkizovo Group, a younger company, which has become the country's second-largest pork and the largest poultry producer within 15 years.

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