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Demographics of Ghana- statistics & facts

As of 2020, Ghana had a population of over 31 million, comprising approximately 15 million females and 16 million males. This represented a population growth of 2.13 percent from 2019. Moreover, as of 2020, while children aged 14 years or younger reached over 11.53 million, people between the ages of 15 and 24 as well as between 25 and 64 years added up to roughly six million and 12.6 million, respectively.
Furthermore, urban areas in the country are more concentrated than rural ones.

From fertility and birth to mortality

On condition that a woman in Ghana experienced age-specific fertility rates and was to survive through her reproductive childbearing years, the number of children she would give birth to in her lifetime will reach an average of 4.4. Additionally, the number of live births would reach 29.41 per 1,000 inhabitants. In 2018, the fertility rate (ASFR) in Ghana was highest among the population aged 25 to 29 years, while it was lowest among those aged 45-49. On the whole, life expectancy at birth in the country is higher among females than males.
In terms of mortality in Ghana, while the rate stood at 7.22 deaths per 1,000 inhabitants as of 2019, it reached 33.9 per thousand live births among all infants. Furthermore, in the preceding year, the death rate among children younger than five fell from 72 to 56 deaths per 1,000 live births over the preceding 14 years.


Households in Ghana mostly consist of at least one child under the age of 18, closely followed by those with at least one female between the ages of 15 and 49 years. Children under 18 most often live with both of their parents.
As agriculture plays a major role in maintaining food security among families in Ghana, more than 60 percent of rural households own agricultural land. Regarding media, radio and television are some of the leading ways through which most households stay informed. As of 2018, the former was owned by 57.2 percent of households, while the latter was owned by 60.4 percent.


In Ghana, the international poverty rate was expected to reach 11.3 percent in 2022 (considering that the 2011 poverty line was set at 1.90 U.S. dollars per day), while the lower middle-income poverty rate was estimated at 26.7 percent (considering that the 2011 poverty line was set at 3.20 U.S. dollars per day). Furthermore, according to the wealth index quintile, 34.9 percent of urban households in the country were ranked as rich, whereas only 7.2 percent of the rural household population were considered such.

Interesting statistics

In the following 6 chapters, you will quickly find the 33 most important statistics relating to "Demographics of Ghana".


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