Treaty of Versailles: coal reparations from Germany to Belgium, France and Italy

Annual coal reparations to be paid by Germany to Belgium, France and Italy over a ten year period, as specified in the Treaty of Versailles, June 28, 1919

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Release date

January 2020


Belgium, France, Germany, Italy

Survey time period

June 28, 1919

Supplementary notes

Allied countries could demand metallurgical coke in place of coal, where 3 tons of coke was equal to 4 tons of coal.

Paragraph 5 also stated that Luxembourg were to receive an amount equal to their pre-war consumption of German coal.

* Quantities varied as follows (from July to June):
1919-1920 - 4.5 million tons
1920-1921 - 6 million tons
1921-1922 - 7.5 million tons
1922-1923 - 8 million tons
1923-1929 - 8.5 million tons per year

** France were also to receive an equal amount of coal to the difference between annual production of the mines in the Nord and Pas de Calais regions, but no more than 20 million tons per year in first five years, and 8 million tons per year in following 5 years.
Additionally, France were to receive three annual payments of the following resources:
Benzol - 35,000 tons
Coal tar - 50,000 tons (All or part of this sum could be replaced by corresponding quantities of products of distillation (such as light oils, heavy oils, anthracene, naphthalene or pitch))
Sulfate of ammonia - 30,000 tons

Release date is date of extraction.

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