Treaty of Versailles: livestock reparations from Germany to France and Belgium

Part VII of the Treaty of Versailles dealt with the reparations accrued by Germany as a result of the First World War. While the treaty itself avoided giving exact figures about the amount the German government owed (instead highlighting the duties of the planned Reparations Commission) it did outline some initial reparations that would later be subtracted from the final sum owed. One of these initial specifications instructed the German government to transfer thousands of heads of livestock to France and Belgium, in three monthly installments. The largest payments were for 140,000 milk cows, and 120,000 sheep, with the largest share of animals going to France.

Monthly livestock reparations from Germany to France and Belgium (January to March 1920) as specified in the Treaty of Versailles, June 28, 1919

FranceBelgium
Sheep100,00020,000
Milch cows (2-6 years)90,00050,000
Heifers-40,000
Sows-15,000
Fillies and mares (1.5-7 years)*30010,000
Goats10,000-
Bulls (1.5-3 years)2,0002,000
Rams1,000200
Stallions (3-7 years)500200
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Source

Release date

January 2020

Region

Belgium, France, Germany

Survey time period

June 28, 1919

Supplementary notes

* For Belgium: Fillies (1.5-3 years) - 5,000, and Mares (3-7 years) - 5,000.

Release date is date of extraction.

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Statistics on "Treaty of Versailles June 28, 1919"

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