Violent attacks by extremist organizations in West Africa 2018-2020, by country

Several violent extremist organizations are active in West Africa, causing battles, explosions, violence against civilians, and counter-terrorism actions. In this region, Nigeria, Burkina Faso and Mali are the most impacted countries by extremist and terror events. Among the deadliest groups, there are Boko Haram, JNIM, ISIS in the Greater Sahara, and ISIS-West Africa. Boko Haram is based in Nigeria, a jihadist terrorist organization. This group is also the most active violent extremist organization in Cameroon. In Mali, the al-Qaeda affiliate JNIM has conducted various deadly attacks. Moreover, an ongoing war started in Mali after a coup d'état in 2012 has caused a thousand fatalities, has displaced people, and caused high levels of chronic malnutrition and poverty.

Terror events involving violent extremist organizations (VEOs) in West African countries between October 2018 and September 2020

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Release date

December 2020



Survey time period

October 2018 to September 2020

Supplementary notes

The source adds the following information: "Chart displays battles, explosions, and violence against civilians, including attacks by priority VEOs and security force operations against priority VEOs."

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