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Average carbon prices in G20 economies 2021, by fossil fuel

Average effective carbon rates across G20 countries in 2021, by fossil fuel

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Release date

October 2021



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Includes all G20 countries with the exception of Saudi Arabia.
Average effective carbon rates. Taxes are those applicable on April 1, 2021. The ETS price is the average ETS auction price for the first semester of 2021, with the exception of China and the UK where it is based on information for the period in which they were operational and the U.S. RGGI and Massachusetts and Tokyo subnational systems where a 2020 average was used.
Prices are expressed in real 2021 euros per metric tons of CO2.

The effective carbon rate is the sum of explicit carbon prices (carbon taxes + ETS + fuel excise taxes)

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Statistics on " Carbon pricing worldwide "

Statistics on Carbon pricing worldwide





Carbon prices






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