Rental vacancy rates in the U.S. 2000-2018, by region

In 2018, the vacancy rate of rental housing units in the South region of United States was equal to 8.5 percent. This means that 8.5 percent of available rental housing units were vacant in that years. The Midwest had the next highest vacancy rate, followed by the Northeast and then the West. The vacancy rates has fallen in all regions since 2014, but the regional differences still remain clear.

Why this divide exists?

The share of the U.S. population living in the Midwest and the South has been decreasing over the past few decades, whereas the Northeast and the West are experiencing greater population growth. These demographic changes mean that demand for housing is decreasing in the former and increasing in the latter. The Northeast and the West contain more large urban areas, which attract more residents than rural areas due to greater employment opportunities, among other reasons. The median sales prices of homes are greater in the Northeast and West than in the other two regions. The rate at which prices in the regions with higher prices are growing is also faster.

Rental vacancy rates in the United States from 2000 to 2018, by region

NortheastMidwestSouthWest
20185.1%7.1%8.5%4.5%
20175.5%7.6%8.8%4.5%
20165.5%7.2%9.2%4.2%
20155.5%7%9.2%4.9%
20145.8%7.5%9%4.8%
20136.7%8.6%10.1%6.3%
20127.5%9.3%10.7%6.5%
20117.8%9.7%12%6.6%
20107.5%9.6%11.5%7.9%
20097.2%11.2%13.7%8.9%
20086.3%10.5%13.1%8.4%
20076.6%11.1%12.3%6.8%
20066.5%11.9%12.4%7%
20056.7%12.3%11.4%7%
20046.8%12.4%12.5%7.2%
20036.9%11.3%12.9%8%
20025.6%10.2%12.6%7%
20015.4%10.3%11.5%6.6%
20005.3%8.7%10.8%5.3%
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Source

Release date

February 2019

Region

United States

Survey time period

2000 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Data as of 4th quarter each year.

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Statistics on "Housing market in the United States"

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