Direct investment position of the U.S. in Africa 2000-2018

Direct investment position of the United States in Africa from 2000 to 2018 (in billion U.S. dollars, on a historical-cost basis)

by M. Szmigiera, last edited Sep 2, 2019
Direct investment position of the U.S. in Africa 2000-2018 After a peak in 2014, foreign direct investment (FDI) in Africa from the United States dropped to 47.80 billion U.S. dollars in 2018. Africa receives lower FDI inflows than any other region.
What is FDI?

FDI is when investors from one country, in this case the United States, invest in firms that are based abroad. Often investors do this to earn higher returns due to a risk premium. They will seek markets where default risk is higher. If their investments mature, the returns are higher than they would be in a place with less risk.

Effects of FDI

The United States has higher FDI outflows than any other country, in large part because its economy is so large. In addition to seeking higher returns, some investors are interested in cultivating international relationships. This could be an effort to expand the consumer base, shore up supply chains, or for humanitarian or cultural reasons. For the receiving country, FDI means an increase in capital. For emerging markets, this can be critical. When the number of banks per country is low, capital access becomes difficult.
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Direct investment position of the United States in Africa from 2000 to 2018 (in billion U.S. dollars, on a historical-cost basis)

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