Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) 2019

Harvard University was the top-ranked university in the world in 2019 with a score of 100 according to the Shanghai Ranking Consultancy group. Out of the top 50 ranked universities, the United States had 31 different universities on the list.

An American legacy

Harvard University is by far the most prestigious university in the United States. Founded in 1636, it is the country’s oldest institution of higher learning. Harvard is a member of the Ivy League, which is a group of eight private colleges in the Northeastern United States. Ivy League colleges are known in the U.S. for being highly selective while providing top education.

The top of the top

Out of thousands of higher education institutions in the United States, Harvard is even more exceptional for producing both the most presidents and the most billionaires. Attending college is typically seen as giving attendees a leg up in society, although the high cost of attendance can sometimes negate this effect.

The 2019 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) by Shanghai Ranking Consultancy

Shanghai Ranking Score
Harvard University 100
Stanford University 75.1
University of Cambridge 72.3
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) 69
University of California, Berkeley 67.9
Princeton University 60
University of Oxford 59.7
Columbia University 59.1
California Institute of Technology 58.6
University of Chicago 55.1
University of California, Los Angeles 50.8
Yale University 50.8
Cornell University 49.8
University of Washington 48.7
University College London 47.9
Johns Hopkins University 47.6
University of Pennsylvania 47.3
University of California, San Diego 47.1
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich 46.1
University of California, San Francisco 42.2
University of Michigan-Ann Arbor 42.2
Washington University in St. Louis 41.7
Imperial College London 41.6
University of Toronto 41.4
The University of Tokyo 40.7
University of Copenhagen 40.2
University of Wisconsin - Madison 38.8
Duke University 38.6
Northwestern University 38.4
New York University 38.1
The University of Edinburgh 37.4
Kyoto University 37
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 36.9
The University of Manchester 36.9
Rockefeller University 36.2
University of British Columbia 36.2
University of Paris-Sud (Paris 11) 36.1
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 35.8
University of Colorado at Boulder 35.8
Karolinska Institute 35.8
The University of Melbourne 35.7
University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 35.7
Tsinghua University 35.4
Sorbonne University 35.1
The University of Texas at Austin 34.3
University of Maryland, College Park33.7
Heidelberg University 33.3
University of California, Santa Barbara 33.2
Utrecht University32.8
The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas 32.8
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Release date

August 2019



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

Several indicators are used to rank the universities. Number of alumni and academic staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, highly cited researchers, papers published in Nature and Science, papers indexed in major indices and the per capita academic performance of the institution.
The highest scoring institution is assigned a score of 100 and other institutions are calculated as a percentage of the top score.
Detailed information about the methodology can be accessed here.

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