Nuclear power plants: permanent shutdowns 2005-2019

This statistic represents the global number of permanent nuclear reactor shutdowns between 2005 and August 2019. Following the nuclear accident in Japan in March 2011, four reactors at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant were shut down permanently. In total, there were seven permanent shutdowns in 2018.

Reaction to Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Disaster

Globally, nuclear power plants have a capacity totaling over 396.9 gigawatts as of 2018. In 2018, there were seven permanent nuclear reactor shutdowns that occurred around the world. Many of these shutdowns were in response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster which occurred when an earthquake and a tsunami struck the region on March 11, 2011, causing equipment failure and three nuclear meltdowns. This was the second event after the Chernobyl disaster that was classified as a Level 7 event by the International Nuclear Event Scale, which communicates important safety information of nuclear accidents. The disaster prompted much of the public to lose confidence in nuclear energy and question its safety. Afterwards, many countries accelerated their plans for nuclear power plant shutdowns. As of 2017, Germany, for example, accounted for about 2.8 percent of the world’s nuclear energy consumption after power plant shutdowns had been initiated. In Italy, a national referendum was held and almost 95 percent of people voted against plans to build new nuclear power plants. In the United States, some 65 percent of people favor the use of nuclear energy. In other countries like Germany, 77 percent of critics were already decidedly against nuclear energy prior to the events in Japan. In Japan, there were 37operational nuclear reactors as of June 2019.

Global number of permanent nuclear reactor shutdowns from 2005 to 2019

Number of shutdowns
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Release date




Survey time period

as of August 8, 2019

Supplementary notes

* As of August 2019.

Access data by clicking on 'Permanent Shutdown' at the bottom of the page and moving your mouse over the graph.
Figures are compiled from several annual editions.

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Statistics on "Nuclear power worldwide"

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