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Nuclear power in Europe - Statistics & Facts

In the wake of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster in March 2011, the prominent role of nuclear energy in Europe was questioned by many governments. As one of the most radical governments to abandon its nuclear energy program, Germany has the greatest number of permanently closed nuclear plants next to the United Kingdom. The German government plans to have shut down all remaining nuclear reactors by 2022. By comparison, France still relies heavily on nuclear power generation. It has the second highest number of operable nuclear reactors worldwide and an additional reactor under construction. Apart from France, Slovakia is greatly invested in broadening its nuclear energy program, looking to add two further reactors to the four already in use.

In the European Union as a whole, nuclear energy accounts for more than a quarter of the Union's fuel mix. However, the generation of nuclear energy has decreased since 2010, amounting to 827.4 terawatt-hours in 2018. This made up roughly a third of global nuclear power generation. The amount of nuclear energy produced in the European Union was equivalent to 210.7 million tonnes of oil equivalent. All energy produced was consumed inland.

According to a 2019 survey among residents in France, the country’s energy independence was the most convincing argument for supporting nuclear power generation. Additionally, 39 percent of respondents supported the use of nuclear energy as the sector created many jobs. By comparison, Italy is the only European country next to Lithuania to have completely phased-out nuclear energy use and support for the generation type was notably low.

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Nuclear power in Europe

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