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Global coal mining industry - statistics & facts

Since the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century, coal has had a significant impact on the world’s energy supply. To this day coal remains one of the leading energy sources among all non-renewable resources. The use of hard coal, the most important type of coal, has even increased somewhat in recent years. Coal also has by far the largest reserves of all non-renewable energy resources.

Global coal production

The global production volume of coal has been steadily rising in recent years, and reached the equivalent of nearly 168 exajoules in 2019. In 2020 the global production volume of coal decreased slightly, to 159.6 exajoules. The leading hard coal producing countries are China, India, the United States, Australia, and Indonesia. The largest company based on production is the Indian state-controlled Coal India Limited, which produced 602 million metric tons of coal in the fiscal year 2019/2020. The mining company was established in 1975 and ranks among the largest ten polluters in the world. China Shenhua Energy is another of the world's leading coal mining companies, with production amounting to nearly 292 million metric tons in 2020.

Other top players in coal mining include the United States based Arch Coal, which was also one of the highest valued public companies in March 2020. Among the strongholds of U.S. coal mining are the Appalachian states West Virginia, Kentucky, and Pennsylvania, as well as Wyoming in the West. The majority of the leading coal producing mines in the U.S. are located in Wyoming.

Coal demand worldwide

The ambitious economic giants China and India continue to be responsible for the majority of global coal consumption. Some 60 percent of China’s rapidly growing energy consumption is supported by coal. Although U.S. coal consumption has shown a slight decrease in the last ten years, some projections predict a significant increase until as late as 2030.

Interesting statistics

In the following 8 chapters, you will quickly find the 36 most important statistics relating to "Coal mining industry worldwide".


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