Inequality of income distribution in China based on the Gini index 2008-2018

This statistic shows the inequality of income distribution in China from 2008 to 2018 based on the Gini Index. In 2018, China reached a score of 46.8 (0.468) points. The Gini Index is a statistical measure that is used to represent unequal distributions, e.g. income distribution. It can take any value between 1 and 100 points (or 0 and 1). The closer the value is to 100 the greater is the inequality. 40 or 0.4 is the warning level set by the United Nations. The Gini Index for South Korea had ranged at about 0.35 in 2018.

Income distribution in China – additional information

The Gini coefficient is used to measure the income inequality of a country. The United States, the World Bank, the US Central Intelligence Agency, and the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development all provide their own measurement of the Gini coefficient, varying in data collection and survey methods. According to the United Nations Development Programme, countries with the largest income inequality based on the Gini index are mainly located in Africa and Latin America, with South Africa displaying the world’s highest value in 2017. The world’s most equal countries, on the contrary, are situated mostly in Europe. The United States’ Gini for household income has increased by more than ten percent since 1990, to 0.49 in 2018.

Growing inequality counts as one of the biggest social, economic, and political challenges to many countries, especially emerging markets. Over the last 20 years, China has become one of the world’s largest economies. As parts of the society have become more and more affluent, the country’s Gini coefficient has also grown sharply over the last two decades. As shown by the graph at hand, China’s Gini coefficient ranged between 0.46 and 0.49 over the last decade, higher than the warning line for increasing risk of social unrest.

Gini index: inequality of income distribution in China from 2008 to 2018

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Sources

Release date

September 2019

Region

China

Survey time period

2008 to 2018

Supplementary notes

The Gini index is a statistical measure used to represent unequal distributions, e.g. income distribution. It can take any value between 1 and 100 points (or 0 and 1). The closer the value is to 100 the greater is the inequality. 40 or 0.4 is the warning level set by the United Nations.

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Statistics on "Key economic indicators of China"

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