Consumption of natural gas in the United Kingdom (UK) 2003-2018

The consumption of natural gas in the United Kingdom has fluctuated during this period, dropping to a low of 60.2 million metric tons of oil equivalent (Mtoe) in 2013. Since then, consumption has increased and by 2018 had reached approximately 68 million Mtoe.

Gas central heating

Gas is by the far the most common method of heating in the UK, with over 80 percent using it to heat their homes. However, in 2019 Chancellor Phillip Hammond put forward plans to ban fossil fuel heating systems in new homes built after 2025. The shift from gas central heating to low carbon electric systems such as heat pumps is expected to increase power demand for this sector to approximately 100 terawatt-hours a year by 2050. In 2018, total electricity demand stood at 354 terawatt-hours.

Natural gas electricity generation

Natural gas plays a vital role in the nation’s electricity generation mix, making up a share of 41 percent in 2017. But projections show this is expected to change in the following decades. Whilst generation is expected to be approximately 100 terawatt-hours in 2020, by 2035 it is estimated to drop to just 34 terawatt-hours.

Natural gas consumption in the United Kingdom (UK) from 2003 to 2018

Natural gas consumption in million metric tons oil equivalent
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Source

Release date

June 2019

Region

United Kingdom

Survey time period

2003 to 2018

Supplementary notes

Figures not in the PDF were taken from the BP Statistical Review of World Energy data workbook.

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