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Largest coal consumption worldwide by country 2019

The world’s two largest coal consuming countries in 2019 were also the world’s two most populous nations: China and India, at 81.7 exajoules and 18.6 exajoules consumed. These figures equate to approximately 51.7 percent of the world’s coal consumption in China, while India accounted for 11.8 percent.

Global coal consumption

Global coal consumption since 1998 has been steadily increasing. In 1998, global consumption amounted to 94.9 exajoules. In 2010, consumption amounted to 151.2 exajoules. This increased to over 157.9 exajoules in 2019.

China’s Coal consumption over time

As one of the largest consumers of coal in the world, China’s coal consumption has essentially doubled since 1998. In 1998 the nation consumed 28.3 exajoules. However, since 2013 China has been slowly decreasing consumption. In 2013, they consumed just under 82.44 exajoules, and in 2015 they consumed 80.1 exajoules. The latest data shows that in 2019 they consumed 81.7 exajoules. From 2016 to 2017, China’s coal consumption decreased 1.6 percent. However, consumption increased from 2018 to 2019 to some 2.3 percent. Coal is also the largest part of energy consumption in China, accounting for 59 percent of total energy consumption in 2018.

Countries with the highest coal consumption worldwide in 2019

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Release date

June 2020



Survey time period


Supplementary notes

According to the source, the data includes commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Excludes coal converted to liquid or gaseous fuels, but includes coal consumed in transformation processes.
Figures not included in the PDF are found on the BP Statistical Review data workbook.

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Statistics on "Coal industry in the UK"

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