Largest coal consumption worldwide by country 2018

The world’s two largest coal consuming countries in 2018 were also the world’s two most populous nations: China and India, at 1.91 billion metric tons of oil equivalent and 452 million metric tons of oil equivalent respectively consumed. These figures equate to approximately 50.5 percent of the world’s coal consumption in China, while India accounted for 12 percent.

Global coal consumption

Global coal consumption since 1998 has been steadily increasing. In 1998, global consumption amounted to 22 billion metric tons of oil equivalent. In 2010, consumption amounted to 36 billion metric tons of oil equivalent. This increased to over 37 billion metric tons of oil equivalent in 2018.

China’s Coal consumption over time

As one of the largest consumers of coal in the world, China’s coal consumption has essentially doubled since 1998. In 1998 the nation consumed 673.4 million metric tons oil equivalent. However, since 2013 China has been slowly decreasing consumption. In 2013, they consumed just under 1.97 billion metric tons oil equivalent, and in 2015 they consumed 1.91 billion metric tons oil equivalent. The latest data shows that in 2018 they consumed 1.91 billion metric tons oil equivalent. From 2016 to 2017, China’s coal consumption decreased 1.6 percent. However, consumption increased from 2017 to 2018 to some 0.9 percent. Coal is also the largest part of energy consumption in China, accounting for 60.4 percent of total energy consumption in 2017.

Countries with the largest coal consumption worldwide in 2018

Consumption in million metric tons of oil equivalent
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Source

Release date

June 2019

Region

Worldwide

Survey time period

2018

Supplementary notes

According to the source, the data includes commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal, and other commercial solid fuels. Excludes coal converted to liquid or gaseous fuels, but includes coal consumed in transformation processes.

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Statistics on "Coal"

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